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Year 2000 No. 181, October 26, 2000 Archive Search Home Page

Britain’s Support for "Peacekeeping" Is Preparation for Further Armed Intervention in Africa

Workers' Daily Internet Edition : Article Index :

Britain’s Support for "Peacekeeping" Is Preparation for Further Armed Intervention in Africa

50th Anniversary of Entry of Chinese People’s Volunteers in Korean War

DHKP-C and TKP(ML) Captives in Turkey's Prisons Start Hunger Strike

World in Brief

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Britain’s Support for "Peacekeeping" Is Preparation for Further Armed Intervention in Africa

The British and French governments are playing a leading role in what is described as a three-day "international peacekeeping exercise" being held in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria, from October 25-27.

Britain and France are co-funding this international conference which includes the participation of politicians and military personnel from West Africa, representatives from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), NGOs, and countries which have contributed troops to various UN missions. According to reports, the exercise will consist of "devising and deploying an imaginary UN peacekeeping operation and meeting the associated challenges".

This "peacekeeping exercise" is being presented as being in line with the recommendations of the Brahimi Report on the reform of UN Peace Operations, which was launched by the Secretary General of the UN in August this year. This report was itself occasioned by the failure of UN "peacekeeping operations" in the recent past. According to the Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, the British government’s aims are to "share experience of peacekeeping with other countries and to achieve a better and deeper understanding of the issues involved in conducting and taking part in peacekeeping operations".

But the British government’s actions in Sierra Leone, as well as in Yugoslavia and elsewhere, show that "peacekeeping" in the language of the big powers is simply a justification for armed intervention throughout the world in the interests of the monopolies, the drive for globalisation and the maximisation of profits. Such intervention rather than keeping the peace, creates all the conditions for further bloody conflicts and is aimed against the sovereignty of the world’s peoples. The British government has attempted to take the lead in such international "peacekeeping" and at the recent UN Millennium Summit proposed that it should train a permanent UN rapid reaction force and establish a UN military academy in Britain.

The British government is also attempting to be a leading player in Africa at a time when the big powers are engaged in a new "scramble" for control of the vast markets and human and material resources of that continent. In July 1999, Britain and France signed an agreement to "pursue a joint peacekeeping training project in West Africa". This agreement was itself a consequence of the wider entente signed between the two countries at St Malo in 1998, in which they agreed to work together for a common European military identity, as well as pledging co-operation on the African continent. US imperialism has also recently stepped up its activities in Africa, and has designated Nigeria one of the four "key democracies" in the world on which it will focus attention and "a pivot point on which all Africa’s future turns". The US has made clear its intention to use Nigeria as its proxy throughout Africa and to train and equip sections of the Nigerian army as a model African intervention and "peacekeeping" force.

Britain’s sponsorship of the conference in Nigeria must therefore be seen in the context of the intense rivalry between the big powers in Africa and their attempts to jockey for position and influence in key regions and states. The workers must look at this situation very directly, ridding themselves of any prejudice or preconceptions. The facts should be allowed to speak for themselves without being mediated by Robin Cook’s, or anyone else’s, humanitarian-sounding words about "peacekeeping". The partisanship of the workers should be in favour of the most progressive stands on international affairs that the 20th century has given rise to, namely that the world’s peoples must be allowed to be master of their own destinies, and the workers should grasp that all who have stood against this trend have had an ulterior and exploitative motive.

Article Index



50th Anniversary of Entry of Chinese People’s Volunteers in Korean War

October 25 marked the 50th anniversary of the Chinese People’s Volunteers crossing into Korea to participate in the "War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea".

This was a just and heroic act by the Chinese people, carried out only one year after the founding of New China. The Chinese People’s Volunteers crossed the Yalu River and fought side by side with the Korean people in a life-and-death trial of strength against the aggressor troops headed by US imperialism, under the banner of the United Nations.

To mark the occasion in the People’s Republic of China, an exhibition was opened in the Chinese People’s Revolutionary Military Museum in Beijing on October 20. The display in the exhibition hall includes over 320 historic photos.

On October 24, in the DPRK, Kim Jong Il, General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, sent a wreath to the cemetery of fallen fighters of the Chinese People's Volunteers in Hoechang county, South Phyongan Province. Written on the ribbon hanging from the wreath was the slogan "Glory to fallen fighters of the Chinese People's Volunteers". Chinese President Jiang Zemin, President Li Peng of the National People's Congress, premier Zhu Rongji, and president Li Ruihuan of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference also sent wreaths.

WDIE hails the internationalist and selfless act by the Chinese people and salutes the memory of all those who fell in the war to liberate Korea and oppose hegemonism. It is particularly fitting to remember the exploits of the Chinese People’s Volunteers alongside the liberation struggle of the Korean people during the Korean War at this time of the momentum of the movement to reunify the Korean state and of the diplomatic offensive of the DPRK to ensure the independence of their country and an end to the imperialist blockade.

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DHKP-C and TKP(ML) Captives in Turkey's Prisons Start Hunger Strike

WDIE has received the following notification of the hunger strike by political prisoners in Turkey’s prisons which began on October 20.

TO THE PRESS AND PUBLIC OPINION

Our DEATH FAST resistance created an earthquake; it will destroy the isolation cells and those who are behind their construction.

WE ARE CONTINUING TO ADD NEW PAGES TO OUR HISTORY OF RESISTANCE WITH HONOUR

Today the attack of the fascist state targeting the revolutionary prisoners and aiming to put the "F" Type isolation prisons into operation has entered a new stage.

Since the beginning of the year 2000, the fascist state declared that it would put the isolation cells into operation, and is speeding up its preparations to this end. Since May 2000, because of the activities of those close to the prisoners and various democratic and sensitive sections of our people to support the revolutionary prisoners, and the stepping up of their actions against the cells, they have not been put into operation. But this postponement did not mean an abandonment of the attacks aimed at putting the cells into operation. The collaborationist and servile authorities who could not face up to the reaction of the people tried to appease them with demagogy and lies about changing the Anti-Terror Law, forming Prison Supervisory Associations, talking about "amnesty", all in order to legitimise the cells. By saying that, as soon as parliament opened, these regulations would be the first paragraphs of legislation on the agenda, they aimed to break down the sensitivity that had been created and render the opposition ineffective. These paragraphs had no clarity and contained nothing definite, and they did nothing to change the essence of the attacks to implement the isolation cells; on the contrary their aim was to be nothing other than a cover to conceal the practice of repression and torture. On every side this cover was pierced with holes and it did not suffice to conceal the truth. The fascist state is not abandoning its efforts with the "F" Type Prisons. Almost every day for months now, this reality has been clear to everyone. Thousands of relatives of prisoners, intellectuals, revolutionaries, democrats and progressives were detained and subjected to torture. Our old mothers who went on the road to Ankara or out into the city squares of Istanbul to protest against the cells were beaten nearly to death. As a matter of routine those who took part in protests in front of Galatasaray High School (in Istanbul city centre) were dragged along the ground and arrested. Despite all these fascist practices, our families and sensitive public opinion did not abandon us. Almost every day there were actions in support of us and against the cells, and appeals were made to the Justice Ministry and the government. These appeals said, "the cells are death". The only reply they received was torture, beatings and detention.

The fascist state has continued its display of resolution. "The cells absolutely will be introduced", "The 'F' Types are modern and conform to human rights standards," they say.

They openly stated that they would not abandon the cell-type prisons. Everybody has spoken. Everybody has said something. Those who are against the cells and those who are for them have spoken and will speak. Now the time has come for we prisoners to utter a word.

Since the beginning of this period, we have said that this attack by the fascist state can only be repelled with a line of struggle, with resistance, which can endure paying the price. This was the only language comprehensible to the fascist state, which for decades has bowed down before the resistance of the revolutionary prisoners in the prisons of our country. Today once again, we declare that we will reply to imperialism and its collaborationist servants in the language that they understand.

Just as the September 12, 1980 junta's attempts to make prisoners surrender were beaten off;

Just as the August 1 circular was torn to shreds;

Just as the Eskisehir coffin prison was closed down;

Just as with the 1996 Death Fast caused the Eskisehir coffin prison to be closed down again and it became a barricade which protected our people from the attacks;

Today, we, the revolutionary captives who are undertaking the same duty, will continue to follow the path which our martyrs blazed without hesitation, and once again we will make the people's enemies bow down.

Those who are making such a display of determination will once again be made to bow down, and we revolutionaries on the other hand will declare our victory to the rest of the world.

We are determined.

We will not hesitate to pay whatever price is necessary, but we will not enter the isolation cells. They can massacre all of us, we may fall martyr in Death Fasts, there may be only one of us left in the prisons, but even then they will not be able to put that single captive into the cells alive.

We will smash the isolation cells over the heads of those responsible for ordering their construction. We will be loyal to history which has been written with the blood and lives of our fallen comrades who resisted during Death Fasts, or in Buca, Umraniye, Ulucanlar, Burdur, Bergama prisons. We will form a barricade with our own bodies, blocking those who wish to put us into cells. From now on the loud voice of the resistance will echo in the prisons of our country. Today, once again, we are calling on imperialism, its collaborators and their servants in front of the whole world; VICTORY IS OURS. COLLABORATION, SERVILITY, DEFEAT AND SURRENDER ARE YOURS. We never blackened our history and never will do so. We will continue to add new and honourable pages in the history books. With this belief and determination, against the political attack of the servile collaborationist authorities which target our people in the form of the cell-type prisons, we are starting an Unlimited Hunger Strike which will be converted into a Death Fast in due course, starting from October 20. As the DHKP-C (Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front) and TKP(ML), (Communist Party of Turkey (Marxist-Leninist)), we bear the enthusiasm and morale of starting such a period of historic resistance, and we know in declaring the start of our resistance that from this moment we will achieve victory.

THE DEMANDS OF OUR RESISTANCE

1 - The ongoing construction of the "F" Type prisons, which have actually been put on the agenda in the framework of a policy of isolating and putting revolutionary prisoners on their own, making them surrender with torture methods and depersonalising them, must be halted.

2 - With the demagogy of "terrorism", an entire people have been accused of being "suspects"; torture, massacres and executions legalised, and the torturers and murderers are under the protection of the anti-terror law (Article 3713); not only its Paragraph 16 on which the "F" Type isolation cells are based but this entire Article is clearly anti-democratic and must be abolished, along with all its provisions.

3 - The protocol signed by the Justice, Interior and Health Ministries and known by the people as the "Tripartite Protocol", which includes the denial of the captives' rights to a defence and medical treatment, and which forces the legal representatives to be subjected to dishonourable searches, must be abolished.

4 - The State Security Courts which, with the reason for their foundation and their practices since 1984, are special-extraordinary courts, must be abolished, along with all the provisions for which they are responsible.

5 - Prisons must be periodically checked by the lawyers who are entrusted with the task by the Bar of the relevant city, the doctors who are selected by the Medical Chamber, lawyers and relatives of prisoners who are selected by the captives, the representatives who are entrusted with this by the organisations of captives, NGOs on the issue of human rights, and the Union of Prison Staff. These checks should not be arbitrary but must be carried out under the protection of the law.

6 - Those who are responsible for massacring three of our friends in Buca Prison on September 21, 1995, four of our friends in Umraniye Prison on January 4, 1996, ten of our friends in Diyarbakir Prison on September 24, 1996, ten of our friends in Ulucanlar Prison on September 26, 1999, and for the injury of hundreds of our friends during attacks must be judged and punished as expeditiously as possible, and this must take place in a way accessible to the public.

Those who attacked our friends in Burdur Prison on July 5, 2000, who severed arms, raped, tortured and those who gave the orders for it must be judged and punished, and this must take place in a way accessible to the public.

Our friends named below were imprisoned alive at different times. The state was responsible for the security of these friends' lives. As is well known, the acceptability and legality of the prisoners' status is based on the state's guarantee of the security of their lives. These friends, on the other hand, were massacred by the state. We want our friends back. Their names are: UÐUR SARIASLAN, TURAN KILIÇ, YUSUF BAÐ, MECÝT SEÇKÝN, RIZA BOYBAÞ, ORHAN ÖZEN, GÜLTEKÝN BEYHAN, AYGÜN UÐUR, BERDAN KERÝMGÝLLER, ÝLGÝNÇ ÖZKESKÝN, HÜSEYÝN DEMÝRCÝOÐLU, ALÝ AYATA, MÜJDAT YANAT, AYÇE ÝDÝL ERKMEN, TAHSÝN YILMAZ, YEMLÝHA KAYA, HÝCABÝ KÜÇÜK, HAYATÝ CAN, ÜMÝT ALTINTAÞ, HALÝL TÜRKER, ABUZER ÇAT, MAHÝR EMSALSÝZ, AHMET SAVRAN, AZÝZ DÖNMEZ, HABÝB GÜL, ZAFER KIRBIYIK, ÖNDER GENÇASLAN ÝSMET KAVAKLIOÐLU, H. HÜSNÜ EROÐLU, MEHMET YALÇINKAYA, KALENDER KAYAPINAR, YUNUS YAMAN, MEHMET BATUGE, KADÝR DEMÝR, EDÝP DÝREKÇÝ, NÝHAT ÇAKMAK, ERKAN PERÝÞAN, RIDVAN BULUT, HAKKI TEKÝN, MEHMET SABRÝ GÜMÜÞ, CEMAL CAM, AHMET ÇELÝK, POLAT ÝYÝT, ENGÝN HUYLU, MURAT DÝL, UÐUR HÜLAGÜ GÜNDOÐAN, MUSTAFA KAYA, KAZIM TUNÇ.

7 - All our friends who have suffered from permanent illness, whose health problems have continued since the 1996 Death Fast, who were injured during state operations and denied medical treatment, must be immediately released.

8 - Those who tortured us during detention must be dismissed from their jobs and must be judged and punished quickly and in a manner accessible to the public. The protection of the torturers with "verdicts of immunity" must be abolished.

9 - All anti-democratic laws against the struggle of the peoples for freedom and democracy must be abolished, and the oppression of the Kurdish nation and the other national minorities must be ended.

Down with fascism, long live our struggle!
Down with surrendering, down with liquidationism!
We will die but we will not enter the isolation cells!
Long live our general resistance!
We will win!

DEVRIMCI HALK KURTULUS PARTISI-CEPHESI

Organisation of Captives

TURKIYE KOMUNIST PARTISI (MARKSIST-LENINIST)

Party Committee for the Prisons

Article Index



World in Brief

24-27 OCT ESTONIA/BRITAIN/DENMARK: Estonian Foreign Minister Toomas Hendrik Ilves visits London and Copenhagen for talks on EU and NATO enlargement and bilateral and regional issues.

25 OCT – 1 NOV LATVIA/BRITAIN: President Vaira Vike-Freiberga meets the Queen as well as the Defence, Foreign and Culture Secretaries during her week-long visit; the issues of security policy and Latvia’s movement towards EU and NATO to be raised.

26-30 OCT VENEZUELA: Cuban leader Fidel Castro visits and signs Cuban-Venezuelan oil agreement.

28-29 OCT JAPAN: Senior officials from south Korea, Japan and the US hold a two-day trilateral meeting to discuss policy co-ordination on north Korea.

29 OCT EGYPT: Anniversary of British-French-Israeli aggression in 1956.

30-31 OCT RUSSIA/EU: Russian President Vladimir Putin on official visit to France for Russia-EU summit in Paris on 30th. Priority will be given to economic issues, trade and energy issues and co-operation in "peacekeeping" operations.

30-31 OCT NORTH KOREA/JAPAN: Third round of talks between north Korea and Japan take place in Beijing on establishing diplomatic relations. Previous rounds failed because, among other things, of Japan’s refusal to apologise for colonial occupation of Korea.

30 OCT – 1 NOV CZECH REPUBLIC: Prince Charles pays a three-day visit, during which he will meet President Vaclav Havel, open a business forum at Prague’s English School and visit British specialists training soldiers at a military academy in Vyskov, south Moravia.

1-2 NOV SLOVAKIA: Prince Charles visits. He is due to meet President Rudolf Schuster and other officials.

2 NOV PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES: Anniversary of the Balfour Declaration in 1917.

4 NOV IRAN: Anniversary of the occupation of the American Embassy in Tehran by students in 1979. Known as Death to America Day, also called National Day of Struggle against Global Arrogance.

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